Positive Phase 3 Libtayo® (cemiplimab) Results in Advanced Cervical Cancer Presented at ESMO Virtual Plenary
Libtayo is the first immunotherapy to demonstrate an improvement in overall survival in advanced cervical cancer, as well as progression-free survival and objective response rate, compared to chemotherapy
Improvements in overall survival were seen in the overall population and both squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma subgroups
Additionally, the Phase 3 trial found significant differences in patient-reported outcomes favoring Libtayo over chemotherapy
"In this Phase 3 trial, Libtayo demonstrated a significant improvement in overall survival in women with advanced cervical cancer after progression on chemotherapy, reducing the risk of death by 31% compared to chemotherapy in the overall population," said Krishnansu S. Tewari, M.D., Professor and Director of the
In the overall population, those treated with Libtayo (n=304) experienced significant improvements in OS, progression-free survival (PFS) and objective response rate (ORR), compared to chemotherapy (n=304), including a:
- 31% reduction in the risk of death (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.56-0.84; one-sided p=0.00011).
- 25% reduction in the risk of disease progression (HR: 0.75; 95% CI: 0.63-0.89; one-sided p=0.00048).
- 16% ORR (50 patients; 95% CI: 13-21%; one-sided p=0.00004), compared to 6% with chemotherapy (19 patients). Median duration of response was 16 months with Libtayo (95% CI: 12 months to not yet evaluable) and 7 months with chemotherapy (95% CI: 5-8 months), per Kaplan-Meier estimates.
In the trial, 78% of patients had advanced cervical cancer that was classified as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In this patient subgroup, significant improvements were also seen with Libtayo (n=239), compared to chemotherapy (n=238), including a:
- 27% reduction in the risk of death (HR: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.58-0.91; one-sided p=0.00306).
- 29% reduction in the risk of disease progression (HR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.58-0.86; one-sided p=0.00026).
- 18% ORR (42 patients; 95% CI: 13-23%), compared to 7% with chemotherapy (16 patients; 95% CI: 4-11%).
While assessment of the adenocarcinoma was not a pre-specified endpoint, a post-hoc analysis demonstrated the following outcomes for Libtayo-treated patients (n=65) compared to chemotherapy (n=66), including a:
- 44% reduction in the risk of death (HR: 0.56; 95% CI: 0.36-0.85; nominal one-sided p<0.005).
- 9% reduction in the risk of disease progression (HR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.62-1.34).
- 12% ORR (8 patients; 95% CI: 6-23%), compared to 5% with chemotherapy (3 patients; 95% CI: 1-13%).
Additionally, the Phase 3 trial found Libtayo-treated patients were able to generally improve or maintain their baseline Global Health Status/Quality of Life (GHS/QOL) over time, while those treated with chemotherapy experienced a deterioration that became clinically meaningful starting at cycle 8, per the EORTC QLQ-C30 (overall estimated mean change [95% CI]: improvement of 1.01 [-2.033, 4.047] for Libtayo, worsening of -6.81 [-10.977, -2.637] for chemotherapy; difference: 7.81; one-sided nominal p=0.00040).
No new Libtayo safety signals were observed. Safety was assessed in patients who received at least 1 dose of study treatment: 300 patients in the Libtayo group (median duration of exposure: 15 weeks; range: 1-101 weeks) and 290 patients in the chemotherapy group (median duration of exposure: 10 weeks; range: 1-82 weeks). Adverse events (AEs) were observed in 88% of Libtayo patients and 91% of chemotherapy patients, with those occurring in 15% or more Libtayo patients being anemia (25% Libtayo, 45% chemotherapy), nausea (18% Libtayo, 33% chemotherapy), fatigue (17% Libtayo, 16% chemotherapy), vomiting (16% Libtayo, 23% chemotherapy), decreased appetite (15% Libtayo, 16% chemotherapy) and constipation (15% Libtayo, 20% chemotherapy). Grade 3 or higher AEs occurred in 45% of Libtayo patients and 53% of chemotherapy patients. Among AEs in 15% or more patients, Grade 3 or higher AEs that occurred more often in the Libtayo group included asthenia (2% Libtayo, 1% chemotherapy) and pyrexia (less than 1% Libtayo, 0% chemotherapy). Immune-related AEs were observed in 16% of Libtayo patients and less than 1% of chemotherapy patients, with 6% and less than 1% being Grade 3 or higher, respectively. Discontinuations due to AEs occurred in 8% of Libtayo patients and 5% of chemotherapy patients.
The use of Libtayo in advanced cervical cancer is investigational and has not been fully reviewed by any regulatory authority.
About the Phase 3 Trial
The Phase 3, open-label, multi-center trial is the largest randomized clinical trial in advanced cervical cancer, and investigated Libtayo monotherapy versus an investigator's choice of chemotherapy in patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer that has progressed on platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients were allowed to enroll regardless of PD-L1 expression status, with 78% of patients having SCC and 22% having adenocarcinoma or adenosquamous carcinoma. The trial included women from 14 countries: the
Patients (median age: 51 years) were randomized to receive Libtayo monotherapy (350 mg every three weeks) or an investigator's choice of commonly used chemotherapy (pemetrexed, vinorelbine, topotecan, irinotecan or gemcitabine). The primary endpoint for the trial was OS, analyzed first among patients with SCC, then in the total population.
In March, the trial was stopped early based on the highly significant effect of Libtayo on OS among SCC patients and following a unanimous recommendation by the Independent Data Monitoring Committee.
About Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide and is most frequently diagnosed in women between the ages of 35 and 44. Almost all cases are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, with approximately 80% classified as SCC (arising from cells lining the bottom of the cervix) and the remainder being largely adenocarcinomas (arising from glandular cells in the upper cervix). Cervical cancer is often curable when detected early and effectively managed, but treatment options are more limited in advanced stages.
It is estimated that approximately 570,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer worldwide each year, with deaths exceeding 250,000. In the
Libtayo is a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting the immune checkpoint receptor PD-1 on T-cells. By binding to PD-1, Libtayo has been shown to block cancer cells from using the PD-1 pathway to suppress T-cell activation.
The generic name for Libtayo in its approved
About the Libtayo Development Program
The extensive clinical program for Libtayo is focused on difficult-to-treat cancers. The
Libtayo monotherapy is being investigated in trials in adjuvant CSCC and neoadjuvant CSCC, as well as in trials combining Libtayo with either conventional or novel therapeutic approaches for both solid tumors and blood cancers. These potential uses are investigational, and their safety and efficacy have not been evaluated by any regulatory authority.
Libtayo is being jointly developed by Regeneron and Sanofi under a global collaboration agreement.
About Regeneron's VelocImmune® Technology
Regeneron's VelocImmune technology utilizes a proprietary genetically engineered mouse platform endowed with a genetically humanized immune system to produce optimized fully human antibodies. When Regeneron's co-Founder, President and Chief Scientific Officer
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION AND INDICATION FOR
What is Libtayo?
Libtayo is a prescription medicine used to treat people with a type of skin cancer called cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) that has spread or cannot be cured by surgery or radiation.
Libtayo is a prescription medicine used to treat people with a type of skin cancer called basal cell carcinoma that cannot be removed by surgery (locally advanced BCC) and have received treatment with an HHI, or cannot receive treatment with an HHI.
Libtayo is a prescription medicine used to treat people with a type of skin cancer called basal cell carcinoma that has spread (metastatic BCC) and have received treatment with a hedgehog pathway inhibitor (HHI), or cannot receive treatment with an HHI. This use is approved based on how many patients responded to treatment and how long they responded. Studies are ongoing to provide additional information about clinical benefit.
Libtayo is a prescription medicine used to treat people with a type of lung cancer called non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Libtayo may be used as your first treatment when your lung cancer has not spread outside your chest (locally advanced lung cancer) and you cannot have surgery or chemotherapy with radiation, or your lung cancer has spread to other areas of your body (metastatic lung cancer), and your tumor tests positive for high "PD-L1" and your tumor does not have an abnormal "EGFR", "ALK "or "ROS1" gene.
It is not known if Libtayo is safe and effective in children.
What is the most important information I should know about Libtayo?
Libtayo is a medicine that may treat certain cancers by working with your immune system. Libtayo can cause your immune system to attack normal organs and tissues in any area of your body and can affect the way they work. These problems can sometimes become severe or life-threatening and can lead to death. You can have more than one of these problems at the same time. These problems may happen anytime during treatment or even after your treatment has ended.
Call or see your healthcare provider right away if you develop any new or worsening signs or symptoms, including:
- Lung problems: cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Intestinal problems: diarrhea (loose stools) or more frequent bowel movements than usual, stools that are black, tarry, sticky or have blood or mucus, or severe stomach-area (abdomen) pain or tenderness
- Liver problems: yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes, severe nausea or vomiting, pain on the right side of your stomach area (abdomen), dark urine (tea colored), or bleeding or bruising more easily than normal
- Hormone gland problems: headache that will not go away or unusual headaches, eye sensitivity to light, eye problems, rapid heartbeat, increased sweating, extreme tiredness, weight gain or weight loss, feeling more hungry or thirsty than usual, urinating more often than usual, hair loss, feeling cold, constipation, your voice gets deeper, dizziness or fainting, or changes in mood or behavior, such as decreased sex drive, irritability, or forgetfulness
- Kidney problems: decrease in your amount of urine, blood in your urine, swelling of your ankles, or loss of appetite
- Skin problems: rash, itching, skin blistering or peeling, painful sores or ulcers in mouth or nose, throat, or genital area, fever or flu-like symptoms, or swollen lymph nodes
- Problems can also happen in other organs and tissues. These are not all of the signs and symptoms of immune system problems that can happen with Libtayo. Call or see your healthcare provider right away for any new or worsening signs or symptoms, which may include: chest pain, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath or swelling of ankles, confusion, sleepiness, memory problems, changes in mood or behavior, stiff neck, balance problems, tingling or numbness of the arms or legs, double vision, blurry vision, sensitivity to light, eye pain, changes in eyesight, persistent or severe muscle pain or weakness, muscle cramps, low red blood cells, or bruising
- Infusion reactions that can sometimes be severe. Signs and symptoms of infusion reactions may include: nausea, chills or shaking, itching or rash, flushing, shortness of breath or wheezing, dizziness, feel like passing out, fever, back or neck pain, or facial swelling
- Rejection of a transplanted organ. Your healthcare provider should tell you what signs and symptoms you should report and monitor you, depending on the type of organ transplant that you have had.
- Complications, including graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), in people who have received a bone marrow (stem cell) transplant that uses donor stem cells (allogeneic). These complications can be serious and can lead to death. These complications may happen if you underwent transplantation either before or after being treated with Libtayo. Your healthcare provider will monitor you for these complications.
Getting medical treatment right away may help keep these problems from becoming more serious. Your healthcare provider will check you for these problems during your treatment with Libtayo. Your healthcare provider may treat you with corticosteroid or hormone replacement medicines. Your healthcare provider may also need to delay or completely stop treatment with Libtayo if you have severe side effects.
Before you receive Libtayo, tell your healthcare provider about all your medical conditions, including if you:
-- have immune system problems such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, or lupus
-- have received an organ transplant
-- have received or plan to receive a stem cell transplant that uses donor stem cells (allogeneic)
-- have a condition that affects your nervous system, such as myasthenia gravis or Guillain-Barré syndrome
-- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Libtayo can harm your unborn baby
Females who are able to become pregnant:
- Your healthcare provider will give you a pregnancy test before you start treatment.
- You should use an effective method of birth control during your treatment and for at least 4 months after your last dose of Libtayo. Talk with your healthcare provider about birth control methods that you can use during this time.
- Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant during treatment with Libtayo.
-- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if Libtayo passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment and for at least 4 months after the last dose of Libtayo.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over- the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
The most common side effects of Libtayo include muscle or bone pain, tiredness, rash, and diarrhea. These are not all the possible side effects of Libtayo. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects to
Regeneron is accelerating and improving the traditional drug development process through our proprietary VelociSuite technologies, such as VelocImmune, which uses unique genetically humanized mice to produce optimized fully human antibodies and bispecific antibodies, and through ambitious research initiatives such as the Regeneron Genetics Center, which is conducting one of the largest genetics sequencing efforts in the world.
For additional information about the company, please visit www.regeneron.com or follow @Regeneron on Twitter.
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